Infectious animal diseases
The risk assessment of infectious animal diseases involves assessing the risk of a pathogen entering and spreading within the country. Where they apply, the risk assessment instructions issued by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) are adhered to (OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code).
The nature of the hazard is assessed in the risk assessment of infectious animal diseases: the characteristics of the pathogen, the means of spreading, the means of transmission and risk-prone animals and forms of production. The likelihood of the disease entering the country and/or spreading in the country and its concentration (for example regionally or to different forms of production) are assessed by way of risk assessment. When assessing the spread within the country, the number of disease outbreaks is also determined and so are often also the direct and indirect economic effects of an epidemic. In these cases the assessment can be carried out in co-operation with MTT Economic Research. Risk assessment can also assess the efficiency and cost efficiency of different preventative measures affecting the risk, or if the risk materialises, the measures available to reduce the effects of it. Such measures are e.g. disease protection, logistical arrangements, vaccinations and other methods of reducing the spread of the disease that are possible under EU legislation.
Risk assessments of infectious animal diseases are mainly carried out for diseases affecting production animals (pigs, cattle, poultry, sheep, goats, farmed fish), but risk assessments dealing with game and fisheries are also possible.
Current research projects
- Control and prevention of antimicrobial resistance in the pork production chain (LÄKÄ)
- Evaluation of the surveillance program for bovine diseases
Previous research projects
- Biosecurity in organic turkey farming
- Blue tongue risk profile
- BSE risk associated with the import of cattle and meat and bone meal into Finland
- Hazards of Animal Diseases from Raw Former Foodstuffs of Animal Origin from the Retail Trade
- Hazards of importing animal by-products
- Implications of a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak for cattle and pig production in Finland and the significance of emergency vaccination in controlling the spread of the disease
- The incidence of risk factors for exotic viral diseases in Finnish poultry production
- Is the control program for classical scrapie in Finland (2006-2012) sufficient to show negligible risk according to OIE´s definition?
- Managing animal disease risks under current structural changes in livestock farming
- Perspectives on poultry meat production in Finland: competitiveness, consuption and trade
- Possible routes of entry into the country for African swine fever - Risk profile
- Qualitative risk assessment – spread of classical swine fever to and within Finland
- Rapid risk assessment tool for animal disease risk assessment, method development project
- Representativeness of surveillance/control programs of AD, TGE and PRRS of sows during the years 2008-2009
- Risk assessment of importing bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) into Finland through bovine semen originating from North America
- Risk profile of the spread of VHS fish disease to inland waterways
- Spread of foot-and-mouth disease in Finland
- Swine fever – a quantitative risk assessment: animal health-related and economic consequences associated with an outbreak of classic swine fever in Finland
- Senior Researcher email@example.com