Freguently asked questions about echinococcus or tapeworm treatment

These questions only deal with the  echinococcus or tapeworm medication, the animal also has to fulfil the other import requirements. 

1. I will be taking my dog with me to Sweden for my summer holiday, what should I do when returning to Finland?

If the trip is of a one-off nature or if you travel a couple of times a year, the easiest way is to ask a veterinarian abroad to administer the tapeworm medication to the dog 1-5 days before returning to Finland. The veterinarian will record this in the pet passport. If the medication is administered the day before arriving in Finland, it is also worth asking the veterinarian to record in the pet passport what time the medication was administered.

2. Travelling with a dog to Norway through Sweden

Sweden is not free of the echinococcus parasite, but Norway and Finland are. This means that the dog must be administered the tapeworm medication both before crossing the border to Norway and before returning to Finland.

There are two alternatives for the tapeworm treatment and you can choose which is best for your travels.

Alternative 1. a veterinarian in Finland or Sweden gives the tapeworm treatment to the dog 1-5 days (24-120h) before you cross the border to Norway. The treatment is recorded in the pet passport. When returning from Norway, it is the opposite: a veterinarian in either Norway or Sweden gives the tapeworm treatment to the dog 1-5 days before you cross the border to Finland.

Alternative 2. the so called 28 day rule. With this rule, the dog is given the tapeworm treatment in Finland by a veterinarian two times before the travelling begins. These two treatments are given between 1 day (24h) and 28 days. After the dog has received these two treatments, the dog will have a total of 28 days to travel freely in all EU-countries and Norway, Iceland and Switzerland. The 28 day rule is ended in Finland by a veterinarian, who gives one more treatment to the dog. All the treatments are recorded in the pet passport by a veterinarian, who also records that the 28 day rule is being used (see question 6.).

3. Travelling directly from Finland to Norway and back

Travelling directly between Finland and Norway requires no tapeworm treatment, because both countries are free of the echinococcus parasite.

4. I am going to take my dog to a dog show in Tallinn and will be spending less than 24 hours there.

If you cannot stay longer in Tallinn, you have to apply the so-called 28-day rule in which the dog is administered tapeworm medication twice in Finland between 1-28 days before travelling and once again after returning to Finland, a maximum of 28 days since the previous medication. A veterinarian gives all the tapeworm treatments to the dog. If you are travelling with the dog on a continual basis, it is worth keeping the medication valid by administering the dog tapeworm medication regularly at a maximum interval of 28 days.

5. Can I start the tapeworm treatment by using the 28-day rule in some other EU-country?

Yes, you can start the tapeworm treatment in another EU-country. In this case, the first tapeworm medication should be administered by a veterinarian 1-5 days before arriving in Finland. If the second tapeworm medication is in question and you are using the 28 day rule, then it is sufficient that the medication has not been administered more than 28 days before arriving in Finland.

6. How does a veterinarian record the administration of the tapeworm medication in the pet passport when using the so called 28 day rule?

The veterinarian records the use of the 28 day rule in the pet passport using e.g. the following sentences:

Säännöllinen käsittely EU:ssa tai lemmikkipassia käyttävässä maassa enintään 28 vrk:n välein (asetus 1152/2011).

Regelbunden behandling inom EU eller i länder som använder pass för sällskapsdjur med högst 28 dagars mellanrum (förordning 1152/2011)

Regular treatment within the EU or in a country using pet passport at maximum 28 d intervals (regulation 1152/2011)

7. I will be bringing a puppy younger than three months from Germany to Finland. Is the tapeworm treatment required?

Yes. As from 1.1.2012 the tapeworm treatment is also required for puppies younger than three months that are brought to Finland. The tapeworm treatment has to be administered by a veterinarian 1-5 days before the puppy arrives in Finland.

8. I am going to bring a cat to Finland from abroad. Is the tapeworm treatment required?

As from 1.1.2012, cats imported to Finland are not required to have the tapeworm treatment. According to present knowledge, cats are not thought to be part of the parasite’s life cycle.

9. I will be returning with my dog from a holiday in Central Europe. In which country should the dog be administered the tapeworm medication?

On your return trip a veterinarian in any country of transit can administer the tapeworm medication to the dog, as long as the medication is administered 1-5 days before returning to Finland. Evira recommends that the medication be administered in the last country before crossing the border to Finland.


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