Please note! You can find Finnish national legislation at Finlex and EU legislation at EUR-Lex links on the right margin. Guidance for searching decisions of the EU legislation you can find here.
N.B. Read this before you start looking into the conditions for importing pet birds to Finland:
The import conditions for (commercial) import and (non-commercial) movements are different. If a bird is transported by air to Finland or another EU country without an accompanying person, it must meet the conditions for a commercial import (= hobby birds). This page lists the requirements for (non-commercial) movements, i.e. the requirements in cases where pet birds travel with their owner or other natural person responsible for them during transport, the birds are not intended for sale or transfer to a new owner and the number of birds does not exceed 5. Imports are also considered non-commercial if the pet and accompanying person are in the same means of transport (generally an aeroplane), even if the pet’s shipping box is in the hold.
If you are importing a pet from the United States, we ask you to study the US approval requirements, see link on the right.
The instructions below refer to a number of EU regulations. The links to the regulations in each case take you to the website of Eur-Lex, the database of European law. One of the links is to Commission Decision 2007/25, which is updated automatically. Users can select their language. Go to the link and choose the latest version of consolidated versions.
Enquiries for advice on imports of pet birds from non-EU countries should be sent by e-mail to: lentoasema evira.fi
1. Countries approved for imports
Pet birds must originate from a member country of the OIE - World Organisation for Animal Health - belonging to one of the OIE’s Regional Commissions and listed:
1) in part A of Annex I of Commission Decision 2007/25/EC as regards certain protection measures in relation to highly pathogenic avian influenza and movements of pet birds accompanying their owners into the EU (at present part A does not mention any Regional Commissions).
2) in part B of Annex I of Commission Decision 2007/25/EC (OIE member countries belonging to one of the following Regional Commissions: Africa, America, Asia, Far East, Oceania, Europe or Middle East) on condition that one of the following conditions in subsections i-iv of section 1 b of Article 1 of Commission Decision 2007/25/EC is met.
(i) the birds have undergone isolation for 30 days prior to export at the place of departure in a third country listed in Commission Regulation 206/2010,*
(ii) the birds undergo quarantine for 30 days after import in the Member State of destination on premises approved in accordance with Article 6 (1) of Commission Regulation (EC) No. 318/2007 (N.B: This option is not available for imports of pet birds to Finland because there are no such approved quarantine facilities in Finland),
(iii) the birds have, within the last six months and not later than 60 days prior to dispatch from the third country, been vaccinated, and at least on one occasion revaccinated, against avian influenza using an H5 vaccine approved for the species concerned in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions,
(iv) the birds have been in isolation for at least 10 days immediately prior to export and have undergone a test to detect the H5N1 antigen or genome as laid down in Chapter 2.1.14 of the Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals carried out on a sample taken not earlier than the third day of isolation.
Imports are also restricted by other safeguard measures issued by the Commission.
If the importer wants to import a bird without an accompanying person (airfreight without the owner or person responsible for the birds during transport being in the same aeroplane), it must meet the conditions for imports of hobby birds. If, however, the country of origin in question does not meet the requirements for countries of import of hobby birds - third countries or parts thereof listed in columns 1 and 3 in the table in part 1 of Annex I of Regulation 798/2008 – (refer to the latest consolidated version), the bird may not be imported as freight without an accompanying person travelling in the same aeroplane. If the country of origin in question is also approved for imports of hobby birds, the bird may be airfreighted without an accompanying person travelling in the same aeroplane if the import conditions for hobby birds are met.
2. Health certificate
Birds must be accompanied by an original health certificate conforming to Annex II of Commission Decision 2007/25/EC and issued by an official veterinarian of the country of origin. The models can be found in Commission Decision 2007/25/EC (latest amendment as of 1.4.2011: 2010/734/EC, with amended health certificate). One of the following conditions stipulated in the health certificate in Annex II of Decision 2007/25/EC must be met (numbers such as I.11 refer to the numbers in the health certificate):
for those third countries listed in Regulation 206/2010, the birds have been confined on the premises specified in point I.11 under official supervision for at least 30 days prior to dispatch and effectively protected from contact with other birds
the birds are destined, as indicated in point I.12, for a quarantine station approved in accordance with Article 6 (1) of Commission Regulation (EC) N:o 318/2007(N.B: This option is not available for imports of pet birds to Finland because there are no such approved quarantine facilities in Finland)
the birds have been vaccinated and at least on one occasion re-vaccinated within the last 6 months and not later than 60 days prior to dispatch in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions against avian influenza using an H5 vaccine approved for the species concerned
the birds have been isolated for at least 10 days immediately prior to export and have been subjected to a test for the detection of H5N1 antigen or genome as prescribed in Chapter 2.3.4 of the Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals, carried out on a sample taken not earlier than on the third day of isolation.
Quarantine is not required for movements of pets (i.e. when travellers bring in birds with them) from the countries in Regulation 206/2010: the 30-day period of official isolation as required by the health certificate is sufficient. The importer’s declaration (see Importer’s declaration below) must accompany the consignment at all times. The declaration must clearly specify only one of the following alternatives: the birds have undergone isolation for 30 days prior to export or the birds are destined for quarantine (N.B. No quarantine facilities are available in Finland).
Official quarantine facilities are available in the following EU countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom, as listed in Regulation (EC) No. 318/2007.
3. Importer’s declaration
The birds must also be accompanied by a Declaration of the owner or representative of the owner as laid down in Annex III of Decision 2007/25/EC. It is advisable to select 30 days’ pre-movement isolation during which time the birds may not come into contact with other birds. Otherwise the birds must undergo 30 days’ post-introduction quarantine. Since there are no official quarantine facilities in Finland, birds must always be moved via another EU country where they are kept in quarantine for 30 days (see above list of EU countries with approved quarantine facilities).
4. Approved points of entry
The approved border-crossing points in Finland for imports of pet birds are Helsinki-Vantaa airport and the Vaalimaa road crossing point. Inspections of pet birds at border-crossing points are performed by customs. If requested by customs, the border veterinarian will provide administrative assistance in the inspection. Importers must present the birds to customs, taking the “red line” through the customs area. If the bird or birds are travelling alone, there are 6 birds or more or they are intended for onward sale or mediation, a veterinary border inspection is performed on the birds upon arrival in the EU. This also means that the model health certificate and the import conditions are different, and the birds must meet the import requirements for hobby birds. If you are planning to import birds, we recommend you to contact the border veterinarians (link on the right) well before importation.
If importing rare or endangered animals, such as certain parrots, the CITES Convention must also be respected. For certain animal species, CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) requires export and import licences and import declarations. Further information on permits for species covered by CITES is available from customs and the Finnish Environment Institute: citesma ymparisto.fi. Animals of species covered by CITES may only be imported via border crossing points approved for CITES species.
5. What if an animal imported from a non-EU country does not meet the above requirements?
a) the animal is returned to the country of origin, or
b) the animal is isolated under official supervision and at the expense of the animal’s importer until it meets the health requirements, or
c) as a last resort, if the animal cannot be returned or isolated in quarantine, it is put down.
* there are 2 country lists in the Regulation 206/2010: Annex I and Annex II. It is sufficient if the name of the country of import is in one of the lists; the category restrictions do not apply here.