rodents, rabbits, hares, reptiles, amphibians, ornamental aquatic animals including fish (reared in non-commercial aquaria for ornamental purposes) and invertebrates (except bees and bumble bees as well as molluscs of the phylum “Mollusca” and crustaceans in the subphylum “Crustacea” for non-ornamental purposes
Note: Please note! You can find Finnish national legislation at Finlex and EU legislation at EUR-Lex links on the right margin. Guidance for searching decisions of the EU legislation you can find here.
New legislation has entered into force from 29 December 2014: Article 3 of REGULATION (EU) No. 576/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL and, based on it, Decree MMMa 866/2008 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on certain living animals and embryos and gametes thereof imported from non-EU countries (amended December 2014, veterinary legislation no. Eb20).
These instructions apply to non-commercial movements from non-EU countries of the pets mentioned in the title. The permissible number of such pets is no longer restricted, but a euro-dominated limit for personal imports is given in the online instructions at tulli.fi. Unlike before, the pets mentioned in the title may be moved to Finland via any border crossing point, where Finnish customs inspect them as part of their customs inspection.
Movements of the above pets continue to be permitted from all third countries, and there is still no health certificate requirement. However, Evira may still forbid such movements if there is a particular animal disease risk and protection decisions must always be complied with.
For non-commercial movements of pet birds the maximum is still 5 birds at a time and the authorized points of arrival are still Helsinki-Vantaa airport and Vaalimaa.
Non-commercial movements of pet rodents, rabbits and hares, reptiles, amphibians, ornamental aquatic animals and invertebrates are governed by Article 3 of Regulation 576/2013:
a) ‘non-commercial movement’ means any m ovement which does not have as its aim either the sale of or the transfer of ownership of a pet animal;
b) ‘pet animal’ means an animal accompanying its owner or an authorised person during non-commercial movement, and which remains for the duration of such non-commercial movement under the responsibility of the owner or the authorised person;
c) ‘owner’ means a natural person;
d) ‘authorised person’ means any natural person who has authorisation in writing from the owner to carry out the non-commercial movement of the pet animal on behalf of the owner;
MMa 866/2008 (Eb 20) Section 4:
13) crustaceans mean crustaceans of the subphylum Crustacea that live in water;
14) molluscs mean clams, whelks and cephalopods of the phylum Mollusca that live in water;
16) ornamental aquatic animals mean live fish, crustaceans and molluscs that are kept or reared or are placed on the market for purely ornamental purposes;
If owners do not move their pets themselves, they must authorise an accompanying person to by means of a free-format written proxy move the pet on behalf of the owner. Evira has produced a model proxy (link to instructions on the left “Dogs, cats and ferrets”, then “Non-commercial movement” , the model on the right margin "Authorisation for the owner").
For justified reasons certified by documents, the movement may be made as freight or in an aircraft hold etc. within a maximum of five days of the movement of the owner or authorised person. The boarding pass or plane ticket of the owner or the person authorised by the owner must be presented, dated within five days of the movement of the pet, if the owner or the person authorised by the owner travels at a different time than the pet.
If the owner has bought a pet abroad from a non-EU country and travels with it back to the EU, this is a non-commercial movement. If another person transports the pet to the EU without the authorisation of the owner and hands it over to the owner without the owner travelling, the instructions for commercial imports apply. Links to instructions for commercial imports are given on the left, they are based on EU and Finnish legislation and the conditions for commercial imports of rodents, rabbits and hares are given.
No instructions are provided for commercial imports of reptiles, amphibians or most invertebrates, because the only requirement is a commercial or other similar document as in the final section of the instructions in point "Document required for commercial imports of reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates (excluding bees and bumble bees as well as molluscs of the phylum “Mollusca” and crustaceans of the subphylum “Crustacea” for other than ornamental purposes)". However, they are always subject to a chargeable veterinary border inspection, and meeting the CITES requirements is essential.
The links on the left also contain the commercial important conditions for fish and their gametes, including, molluscs (phylum Mollusca) and crustaceans (subphylum Crustacea). Bees and bumble bees may only be imported under commercial import conditions, the instructions for them can anyway be found only in Finnish. Molluscs and crustaceans may only be moved under non-commercial import conditions if they are ornamental aquatic animals not intended for sale or mediation and are imported to be kept in a non-commercial aquarium or garden pond unconnected to natural watercourses. Importers must ensure, however, that the transport water of the import batch does not transmit animal diseases to natural watercourses.
Tropical ornamental fishes may also be moved non-commercially if they meet the same conditions as those for non-commercial movements of molluscs and crustaceans in the previous paragraph, and if they also meet the other conditions for non-commercial movement in these instructions.
For non-commercial movements of pet birds the maximum is still 5 birds at a time. The authorized points of arrival are still Helsinki-Vantaa airport and Vaalimaa.
It is not permissible to transport rodents, rabbits or hares intended for food production under the conditions for non-commercial movement.
Instructions for commercial imports
Links to the instructions for some commercial imports are given on the left (“Rabbits, hares and rodents: commercial imports”, “Fish and their gametes” and “Birds”).
Pets of species covered by CITES may only be imported via border crossing points approved for CITES species – this applies especially to reptiles and amphibians. Owners must always check possible CITES requirements prior to import to Finland from the Finnish Environment Institute.. Please contact Finnish Environment Institue: cites@ ymparisto.fi
Document required for commercial imports of reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates (excluding bees and bumble bees as well as molluscs of the phylum “Mollusca” and crustaceans of the subphylum “Crustacea” for other than ornamental purposes)
There are no health certificate or other special import requirements for reptiles, amphibians or invertebrates (excluding bees and bumble bees as well as molluscs of the phylum “Molluscs” and crustaceans of the subphylum “Crustacea” for other than ornamental purposes), but a veterinary border inspection must be performed. For commercial imports, all that is required is a commercial or other similar document specifying the animal’s:
- country of origin
- details of the consignor and consignee
- the scientific name of the species
- the customs code
- the intended use
- the type of packaging.
Importers must make prior notification of commercial imports in order to make an appointment for a veterinary border inspection to: email@example.com. Further information on veterinary border inspections is given in the link “Veterinary border inspection”. Prior notifications of imports must be made on the electronic TRACES system by completing “CVED living animals”.