Production practises of foodstuffs
In organic farming, the use of artificial fertilisers and control substances is banned. Organically reared animals are fed mainly with organic feed, they have more space in the shelter, and the animals are able to go outside regularly. In general terms, the risks attached to organic food are the same as those attached to food produced using traditional methods. With respect to some qualities, it might even be said that the risks are lower. Organic food is labelled organic.
Genetic modification may be applied to an organism, such as a plant or bacterium. (GMO = genetically modified organism). Genetically modified foods are produced from genetically modified ingredients or contain them. Genetically modified products must be licensed. Before a license is granted, the safety of the organism or food is assessed. In the list of ingredients, the words ‘genetically modified’ or e.g. ‘prepared from genetically modified soya’ must be printed immediately following the genetically modified ingredient or one prepared from genetically modified varieties.
Customary production covers all other production that is not organic or GMO production. In all modes of production, the operators must ensure that the safety of foods is not compromised at any stage of production and that animal welfare is assured.