Grain quality 2011

2011 was a very good year for the cultivation of bread grain, as both the spring and winter wheat harvests were of good quality. With as much as 73 per cent of the spring wheat samples and 65 per cent of the winter wheat samples meeting the bread grain quality requirements, on the basis of their hectolitre weight, falling numbers and protein content, the spring and winter wheat harvests were of the best quality in the ten year monitoring period. The rye harvest was also good in terms of quality, with 75 per cent of the samples meeting the hectolitre weight and falling number requirements set for rye.

The protein content of feed grains, i.e. barley and oat, was high. However, the hectolitre weight of barley, in particular, remained low. Only a third of the barley samples fulfilled the hectolitre weight requirement of 64 kg, a general quality requirement for feed barley. After the previous year’s drop, the average hectolitre weight for oat saw an increase. 85 per cent of the oat samples had a hectolitre weight of 52 kg, and 20 per cent of the samples a hectolitre weight of 58 kg.

Among the malting barley samples, less than a third met the requirements for grain size and protein content. In 2011, quality was more or less equally weakened by too high a protein content and too small a grain size in sieving.

According to the harvest statistics by the Statistical Group of the Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Tike), in 2011 the total harvest of grain was around 3.7 billion kg, roughly a quarter larger than the previous year. Spring wheat production totalled 801 million kg, winter wheat 173 million kg, barley 1,195 million kg, oat 1,043 million kg and malting barley 319 million kg.

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