Grain quality 2014


The autumn rains impaired the quality of the record spring wheat harvest by reducing the falling number. The oats harvest was clearly less affected by mould toxins than last year, but the oat grain size remained small.

The volume of the wheat harvest was a record high year 2014.Of the wheat harvest of 1,088 million kg, 404 million kg had a hectolitre weight of a minimum of 78 kg, a falling number of a minimum of 180 and a protein content of a minimum of 12.5 per cent.

The quality of the spring wheat harvest was reduced by a lower falling number and hectolitre weight than in previous years.The falling number dropped as the harvest progressed.About 40 per cent of the samples had a falling number below 180.The average protein content was 13.5 per cent, which was higher than in the two previous years.The protein content in about one third of the samples was below 12.5 per cent. The quality of the spring wheat harvest was lower than average in South Ostrobothnia, Uusimaa and Satakunta.

High falling number values for rye

Of the 75 million kg rye harvest, 84 per cent had a hectolitre weight over 71 kg and a falling number over 120.The average falling number for rye was the highest in over 20 years.Only 12 per cent of the samples had a falling number below 120.

Few mycotoxins in the oats

Of the oat harvest, 87 per cent or 905 million kg exceeded the minimum requirement of a 52 kg hectolitre weight used for the quality monitoring.The general requirement of a hectolitre weight of 58 kg for milling oats (oats for human consumption) was attained with 175 million kg of the oat harvest, which is less than it was in the 3 previous years.Grainsize of oatremained at lastyear's level.

The limit for the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) of 1750 µg/kg set for milling oats was exceeded in about 5 per cent of the oat samples when a quick analysis was used.There were clearly fewer samples than last year where the limit was exceeded, and the regional fluctuation was low.The level of T-2 and HT-2 toxins in the oat samples was also low, as only 5 per cent of the examined samples exceeded the recommended value of 1000 µg/kg for milling oats.

Small grains in the barley harvest

Of the malting barley about 43 per cent, that is about 160 million kg, fulfilled the quality criteria for sieving and protein content used by the malting industry.The grain size reduced the quality of the harvest.

Of the feed barley crop 72 per cent or 1,063 million kg had a hectolitre weight of a minimum of 64 kg, and there were many regional variations.The feed barley contained more small grains than last year and the protein content was low.

Background on the data

The information is based on data on the yields and quality of the grain harvest collected by Luke (Natural Resources Institute Finland) and the Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira. The table combines the quantities of the grain harvest from Luke’s crop statistics and the data from Evira’s quality monitoring of the grain harvest 2014.

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Related topics

Finnish grain quality - distribution of samples 2014 (pdf, 938 Kb)

Evira and Luke Grain Quality



Grain quality monitoring charts 2014

the final situation 11.2.2015

Medium quality of all cereals

Medium grain quality by region

Medium grain quality by variety