Export of grain to non-EU countries

Export of grain to non-EU countries must comply with the requirements set by the destination countries. These vary by country and product. The exporter must contact the destination country’s authorities well in advance of exporting material, in order to establish the requirements applicable to the grain intended for export. Shipments may not be infested with any of the plant diseases or pests specified in the requirements of the destination countries.

A phytosanitary certificate, granted by Evira, is often required. Before a phytosanitary certificate is granted, a sample of the batch of grain is tested at the Evira laboratory, at least for pests and grain impurities (e.g. green or damaged seeds, sprouts and seeds of other grain species).

An exporter of grain requiring a phytosanitary certificate must be registered with Evira’s plant health register.

Grain samples are taken by an official sampler, who is a plant health inspector either from Evira or the ELY Centre.

Export of grain to China

Plant health authorities of China and Finland have signed specific protocols concerning export of oat and barley (excluding seeds for sowing) to China. Export of other grains is not possible at the moment.

The exporter has to contact Evira (kasvienvienti@evira.fi) well in advance of exporting oat or barley. Evira will give the exporter information on the protocols and will add the exporter to the list of registered exporters of oat or barley. Export is not possible before the Chinese authorities have approved the exporter.