Fruit and berry plants: variety list and descriptions
Under the new European Union regulations on the marketing of fruit and berry plants, starting 1 January 2017 all varieties in certified plant production must be registered in the official National List of Plant Varieties of one of the European Union member states, or alternatively they must have plant breeder's rights. Varieties marketed only in Finland must be registered starting 1 January 2019. Registration in the variety list requires a variety description in accordance with the directive. In Finland, also varieties other than those included in certified plant propagation material will be registered in the National List of Plant Varieties.
Varieties marketed under the minimum requirements for plant propagation material (CAC material) must have a variety description, as specified in the directive, as from 1 January 2017. If the CAC materials are only marketed in Finland, the variety description is required as from 1 January 2019.
EU variety register FRUMATIS and Finland’s national plant variety list for garden plant propagation material
The EU variety register FRUMATIS combines all the different national lists of fruit and berry varieties in the EU. A link to the FRUMATIS database, can be found on the European Commission’s website presenting plant variety catalogues, databases and information systems.
Finland’s national list of plant varieties for garden plant propagation material is administered by Evira. In addition to the varieties officially registered in Finland, the list also includes varieties that only meet the national requirements.
The regulations apply to the following fruit and berry plant genera and varieties
- chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.)
- citrus fruits (Citrus L.)
- hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.)
- quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.)
- Fig ( Ficus carica L.)
- kumquats (Fortunella Swingle)
- strawberries (Fragaria L.)
- common walnut (Juglans regia L.)
- appels (Malus Mill.)
- olive (Olea europaea L.)
- pistachio (Pistacia vera L.)
- Poncirus (Raf.)
- almold (Prunus amygdalus Batsch)
- apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.)
- sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.)
- sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.)
- luumu (Prunus domestica L.)
- peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batcsh)
- Japanese plum (Prunus salicina Lindley)
- pears (Pyrus L.)
- currants, gooseberries (Ribes L.)
- raspberries and blackberries (Rubus L.)
- cranberry, blueberries, lingonberry ( Vaccinium L.)
Variety description types
The official description is a variety description (DUS description) based on testing for distinctness, uniformity and stability, the registration for which is granted by Evira. All varieties that have been granted plant breeder's rights have an official description.
An officially recognised description is a description on a specific Evira form, which is submitted to Evira for official recognition.
Variety description and registration requirements for plant propagation materials
Varieties in certified plant production
Fruit and berry plant varieties in certified plant production must be registered in the official National List of Plant Varieties by 1 January 2017, if they are also marketed in the EU outside Finland. If the young plants are only marketed in Finland, the varieties must be registered by 1 January 2019.
To be approved for the National List of Plant Varieties, the variety must have either an official description, or an officially recognised description in the case of varieties for sale prior to 30 September 2012.
Varieties marketed as CAC material that are significant in professional fruit production or also marketed in the EU outside Finland
Fruit and berry plant varieties marketed as CAC material must have the statutory descriptions by 1 January 2017 if they are also marketed in the EU outside Finland. If the propagation materials are only marketed in Finland, the descriptions are required by 1 January 2019.
The description may be either an official description, or in case of varieties offered for sale prior to 30 September 2012, an officially recognised description.
Varieties marketed as CAC material only in Finland with no actual significance in terms of professional fruit production
Varieties with little significance and marketed only in Finland as CAC material must have at least an officially recognised variety description as from 1 January 2019.
Agreed function allocations for preparation of officially recognised descriptions
The Natural Resources Institute Finland will produce some of the descriptions for which official recognition is sought. Producers themselves must prepare descriptions for any other required varieties.
Lists of varieties for which preparation of officially recognised descriptions is agreed
Variety description and registration matters: Tarja Hietaranta t. +358 (0)50 344 3748, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Drafting of national regulations at the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry: Johanna Nykyri, tel. +358 (0)29 516 2471, email: email@example.com
- European Commission’s website, presenting plant variety catalogues, databases and information systems (link to the FRUMATIS database)
- Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Decree on the official recognition of fruit and berry plant varieties (MMM13/12)
EU level regulations: