Tolerable intakes of contaminants compared to estimated daily intakes

The following Table presents the assessed daily intake of contaminants and the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) laid down by EU, as well as valid regulatory provisions for maximum permitted levels in fish products.

Contaminant

 

Daily intake from foodstuffs

 

Tolerable Daily Intake, TDI (/kg of body weight/day)

 

Maximum permitted level in fish

 

Regulatory provisions

 

Dioxins and dioxin-like PCB compounds, total

 

1,90 pg TEQ (FI)

 

2 pg TEQ/kg bw

 

6,5 pg TEQ/g FW

 

EC 1881/2006. amendment 1259/2011

 

Dioxins

 

53,61 pg TEQ (FI)


2 pg TEQ/kg bw

 

3,5 pg TEQ/g FW

 

EC 1881/2006. amendment 1259/2011

 

Indicator PCBs

 

258 - 1542 ng (EU)

 

None

 

75 ng/g FW

fresh water fish:125 ng/g FW

 

EC 1881/2006. amendment 1259/2011

 

Organotin compounds:
TBT+TFT+DBT+DOT

 

High-level consumer, contaminated fish:
157 ng (FI)

 

250 ng/kg bw

 

None, but accumulation in the environment is provided for in other legislation

 

None for foods

PBDE (fire retardants)

 

50 ng (Fi)

 

None

 

None

 

None for foods

 

PFOS (water repellent compounds)

 

60 ng (FI)

 

150 ng/kg bw

 

None

 

None for foods

 

Mercury:

 

Methylmercury:
0,11 µg (FI)

 

Methylmercury:
0.23 µg/kg bw

Inorg. mercury:
0.57 µg/kg bw

 

 

EC 1881/2006. amendment 629/2008

 

a) Fishing products, fish meat, shellfish *

 

0,5 mg/kg

 

b) Certain predatory fish, e.g. pike, tuna, poor cod

 

1 mg/kg


Cesium-137

 

None

 

None

 

600 bq/kg

 

EY 274/2003

 

Lead

 

0.3 µg/kg bw

 

Revoked

 

0.3 mg/kg

 

EC 1881/2006

 

Cadmium

 

0.1 µg/kg bw
children ≥ 0.3

 

0.3 µg/kg bw

 

0.05-0.3 mg/kg
varying between fish species

 

EC 1881/2006

 

Arsenic

 

0.56 µg/kg bw

 

Revoked

 

10 µg/l in water

 

EC 401/2001

 

Nickel

 

Not known

 

12 µg/kg bw

 

0.07 mg/l in water

 

WHO's guideline for drinking water

 

* Excluding certain predatory fish, brown meat in the head and thorax of lobster or similar large shellfish, and crab.


TEQ = Quantity of the most toxic dioxin derivative with equivalent toxicity (WHO 2005)
bw = body weight
FW = fresh weight
pg = picogram
µg = mikrogram