African Swine Fever in Russian Karelia

2.3.2012

<p>African Swine Fever (ASF) has been detected on two farms in the Segezha region (Karelian: Segeža) in the Republic of Karelia. The place is located east of Nurmes, some 160 km from the Finnish border. So far there is no knowledge of how many pigs have caught the disease or where it stems from.</p>

ASF started spreading in Georgia, in the Caucasus region, in 2007 from where it has spread to different parts of Russia. The first case of ASF in the neighbouring areas of Finland was detected near St. Petersburg in autumn 2009. In addition, disease outbreaks were detected in 2011 in the area of the Leningrad Oblast in January, in the vicinity of St. Petersburg in March, and in the areas of both Murmansk and Archangel in April.

African Swine Fever is a highly contagious serious viral disease found in pigs and wild boars that requires legislative control in Finland. In domestic pigs the disease causes usually high fever, skin discoloration, laboured breathing and intestinal symptoms, and results in high mortality rates on pig farms. The disease is not transmitted to people. The disease has never been found in Finland.

The Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira will examine both domestic pigs and wild boars for ASF. If farmers suspect that pigs on their farm show signs of African Swine Fever or any other serious contagious animal disease, they are obliged to immediately contact their municipal veterinarian for further investigation of the situation. If a wild boar is found sick or dead in nature, this should also be reported to the municipal veterinarian in order to have the animal examined at Evira.

ASF can spread directly from one animal to another or indirectly with people, cars or, for example, poorly cooked meat. Feeding food waste to pigs is absolutely forbidden in Finland and throughout the EU. It is forbidden to import any pigs, pork or foodstuffs made of these even for own use from regions where ASF has been detected.

In addition, it is important to follow the general guidelines and recommendations for prevention of animal diseases provided by the Association for Animal Disease Prevention ETT.

Additional information on import regulations 
In English:
Frontpage > Food >  Import and export >  Import from non-EU countries >
Import rules for personal consumption from third countries

In Russian:
Заглавная стр. Эвира  > Пищевые продукты >  Ввоз и вывоз >  Ввоз из стран, не входящих в ЕС >  Ввоз из России подарков и гостинцев

For further information, please contact:
With regard to controlling diseases:
Tiia Tuupanen, Senior Inspector, Animal Health and Welfare Unit,
tel. +358 40 489 3348
With regard to the disease and diagnostics of the disease:
Tiina Nokireki, Senior Researcher, Veterinary Virology Research Unit,
tel. +358 50 413 1687
With regard to import conditions:
Kyösti Siponen, Head of Import, Export and Organic Control Unit,
tel. +358 50 386 8412

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