Grain harvest 2011: bread grain is of good quality, feed grain has small hectolitre weight


<p>The autumn grain harvest in 2011 was average, but the wheat harvest was large. Most of the wheat and rye met the quality requirements for bread grain. The hectolitre weight of feed grain was small. There was extensive quality variation between and within regions. The information is included in a summary based on grain harvest information of the Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Tike), and on the analysis results of grain quality monitoring performed by the Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira.</p>

High quantity and quality of spring wheat harvest
Almost 790 million kilograms of the autumn wheat harvest of 980 million kilograms met the quality requirements for bread wheat. The quantity and quality of the wheat harvest was the highest during the seven-year monitoring period. Of the harvest, spring wheat accounts for about 807 million kilograms and winter wheat for about 174 million kilograms. The protein content and the falling number of both types of wheat were high and the hectolitre weights were good. An equally good total quality occurred the most recently in the early part of last decade.

Four-fifths of the rye harvest, almost 80 million kilograms, was eligible for bread grain. There were significant variations in quality between the regions.

Less than 25 percent of malting barley met the quality requirements for protein content and grain size
Only less than 25 percent, i.e. 75 million kilograms of the malting barley harvest (320 million kilograms) met the requirements for protein content and grain size. Particularly the grain size of malting barley was small in comparison to the previous years.

Small hectolitre weight of feed grain
This was already the second year in a row that the hectolitre weight of the feed barley harvest decreased, and it was the smallest in seven years. The hectolitre weight of only about 40 percent of the harvest exceeded 64 kilograms. The protein content was only slightly higher than last year, and clearly higher than in the preceding years. The starch content was the lowest in the 21st century.

The average hectolitre weight of oat was rather small but clearly better than last year. 90 percent of the barley harvest exceeded the minimum hectolitre weight requirement of 52 kilograms, which is commonly used in the feed industry. Only 26 percent of the harvest exceeded the minimum hectolitre weight (58 kilograms) required commonly of milling quality oats. The protein content of oat was high, which was the case last year, too.

The background of the harvest and quality information
The information concerning the quality and quantity of the grain harvest in 2011 are preliminary at this point. A grain harvest quality chart based on final information will be published on 28 February 2012. The chart combines grain harvest quantities from Tike's harvest statistics with grain harvest quality monitoring information for 2011 by Evira's grain laboratory. Tike's Agricultural Census was responded to by about 6,000 farms, and the grain samples of less than 400 of them were analysed in the grain quality monitoring by Evira.

Link to the chart

More information
Grain crop harvest information Tike
Lauri Juntti, Researcher, tel. 020 77 21251
Mirva Kokkinen, Researcher, tel. +358 20 77 21371
Anneli Partala, Statistics Manager, tel. +358 20 77 21376
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Grain quality information Evira
Mirja Kartio, Head of Unit, tel. +358 20 77 25090
Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Plant Analysis Unit
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