Grain harvest: good quality in spite of a cool and rainy growing season


<p>The quality and quantity of the grain harvest were good, even though the growth season in 2012 began late and was rainier and cooler than average. The quality of wheat was weakened by low protein content, but more than half of the harvest meets the requirements for bread grain. The falling number remained sufficiently high in spite of late harvest. The hectolitre weights of feed grains were high.</p>

The wheat harvest totalled 887 million kilograms, half of which meets the basic quality requirements for bread wheat in terms of content, falling number and hectolitre weight. The quality and quantity of the harvest did not match the two previous years. The harvest of wheat suitable for bread grain was 40 per cent smaller than the previous year, but still larger than the eight-year average.

Of the harvest, spring wheat accounted for about 782 million kilograms, of which 55 per cent was suitable for use as bread grain. Winter wheat accounted for about 105 million kilograms, of which only 20 per cent was suitable for use as bread grain. The quality of the wheat harvest was weakened by low protein content. The average falling number was lower than that in the previous years, but sufficiently high in terms of bread grain quality, even though the harvesting season continued late into the autumn.

Varsinais-Suomi and Uusimaa produced the highest quantities of spring wheat, of which 40 and 57 per cent was suitable for use as bread grain, respectively. In Häme, Satakunta and Kaakkois-Suomi, the corresponding proportions were 72, 59 and 32 percent, respectively.

Most of the rye harvest is suitable for use as bread grain

The rye harvest totalled 64 million kilograms. Its quality was high, as it was in the previous two years. Of the harvest, 84 per cent is suitable for use as bread grain – that is, it meets the quality requirements for basic-price rye (falling number 120, hectolitre weight 71 kilograms). Judging from samples from Varsinais-Suomi, Uusimaa and Häme, the three most important rye production areas, the rye harvest seems to entirely meet the quality requirements.

Malting barley and feed barley were of better quality
than in previous years

The quality of the malting barley harvest was higher than in the previous two years. The harvest totalled 367 million kilograms, of which 71 per cent meets the requirements for basic-price malting barley in terms of protein content and sorting. Of the samples taken, 23 per cent had weaker quality because of high protein content and 18 per cent because of small grain size. Varsinais Suomi had the largest malting barley harvest, of which 85 per cent was suitable for malting.

The feed barley harvest was of a higher quality than in the previous two years, and its quantity was higher as well, totalling 1,215 million kilograms, of which 69 per cent had a hectolitre weight of at least 64 kilograms. The average hectolitre weight was 64.6 kilograms, which is higher than the ten-year average.

Oat had the highest hectoliter weight in ten years

The hectolitre weights of oats were high. The oat harvest totalled 1,073 million kilograms, nearly all of which had a hectolitre weight of at least 52 kilograms, which is a common basic quality requirement in the feed industry. For milling oat, the general requirement is a hectolitre weight of at least 58 kilograms. As much as 63 per cent of the milling oat harvest met this requirement, which is the largest proportion in more than ten years.

The background of the crops- and quality data

The press release is based on harvest information from Tike, the Information Centre of the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, and quality monitoring information from Evira, the Finnish Food Safety Authority, from 2012. The harvest survey carried out by Tike garnered responses from about 6,000 farms, and Evira analysed the grain samples from about 400 farms. The harvest areas of crop varieties have been calculated by deducting the fully destroyed famine area (notified in crop damage applications) from the cultivation area (notified in subsidy applications submitted by farmers).

Read more > Plants > Cultivation and Production > Cereals > Statistics about the quality

Grain quality 2012 (pdf, 98 KB)

More information
Crop production statistics
Tike, Statistical Services
Lauri Juntti, Researcher, tel. +358 295 313 139
Anneli Partala, Statistics Manager, tel. +358 295 313 145

Grain quality information
Anne Mäittälä, Researcher, tel. +358 40 740 1300
Elina Sieviläinen, Senior Researcher, tel. +358 40 848 6094
Mirja Kartio, Head of Unit, tel. +358 40 534 5510
Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Plant Analysis Unit

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