High falling number characterizes the bread grain crop


<div>On the basis of the first samples analyzed, the autumn 2006 bread grain crop is of a high quality. Thanks to the dry autumn the falling numbers have been high. Even the grain size has been larger than predicted. This is seen in the high hectolitre weights. The protein content of malting barley is somewhat higher than last year. The average quality of both barley and oats is good, but there is a great deal of variation. Despite the high hectolitre weight there can be large quantities of small grains in the oats.</div>

The falling number for spring wheat is on average 317 and for autumn wheat 354. The average hectolitre weights are respectively 83.1 and 81.4 kilograms.  The protein content at 12.5 % for the spring wheat is somewhat lower than in previous years.  The protein content for the autumn wheat, at 12.0 %, is somewhat higher than last year. The protein content seems to be a determining factor when it comes to assessing the milling potential of the wheats. About 80 per cent of the spring wheat is millable (hectolitre weight ≥78kg, protein ≥11.5 % and falling number ≥180) and of the autumn wheat almost 70 per cent is millable.

The examined rye samples also have big grains and high falling numbers.  The hectolitre weight is on average 77.6 kg and the falling number is 217.  In all samples meant for mill use, the hectolitre weight is over 71 kilograms and the falling number is over 120.

The protein content of malting barley is on average 12.1 %, that is to say a little higher than last year.  The protein content of the samples intended for malting is on average 11.7 %.  In less than half of these samples the protein content was below 11.5 %.  The protein content varies from 9.3 per cent to 14.4 per cent.  The grain size is large like last year.  Malting barley (≥2.5 mm sieve) is on average graded at 93.6 per cent.

The hectolitre weight of barley is on average 67.9 kg and the protein content is 11.7 %.  The protein is at the same level as in the autumn of 2005, but the hectolitre weight is clearly higher.  In about 90 per cent of the samples the hectolitre weight is above the intervention limit of 64 kilograms.  Shrivelled grains (≤2.0 mm) average 3.9 per cent, but there have also been samples with a very small grain size.

The hectolitre weight of the oats is on average 56.2 kilograms.  The hectolitre weight exceeded 52 kilograms in 94 per cent of the samples, in 70 per cent it exceeded 55 kilograms and in 27 per cent it exceeded 58 kilograms.  There have been plenty of shrivelled grains at an average of 19.1 per cent.

For updates regarding average quality information: http://www.evira.fi/attachments/kasvintuotanto_ja_rehut/vilja/vl_laji.pdf

Tike’s preliminary crop evaluation can be found at the address http://www.mmmtike.fi/en/index/press_releases/2006/060901_2nd_harvest_estimate.html

For additional information please contact:

Director Mirja Kartio, Cereal Inspection, phone 020 77 25090

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