New Plant Varieties entered in the National List of Plant Varieties
The Plant Variety Board is a body appointed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, which makes the decisions on plant varieties. In addition to maintaining the National List of Plant Varieties, the Board approves national plant breeders’ rights, among other things. The members of the board represent different operators along the food chain, from producers to environmental organisations.
The main criteria for approval for the National List of Plant Varieties is the cultivation value of the variety. Before approval, the variety has to undergo 2-3 years of official testing, during which the cultivation value of the variety is assessed. Several tests are carried out in different cultivation zones. Based on the results, the Board assesses the novelty value of the variety and its suitability for Finnish cultivation conditions.
Of the rye varieties, two winter varieties (Evolo, Reetta) and two spring varieties (Arantes, Rogo) were approved for the list of plant varieties. Of the winter varieties, Evolo is a German hybrid variety and the Finnish Reetta a traditional population rye variety. The spring varieties are population ryes and come from Germany. The cultivated area of spring rye has been about one third of the total cultivated area of rye during the last few years. So far, there has only been one variety in the list, which means that the selection will now increase considerably.
Four spring wheat varieties were approved for the list, two of which were Finnish (Wellamo, Wanamo), one Norwegian (Demonstrant) and one Swedish (Puntari). The varieties Wellamo, Wanamo and Demonstrant are of milling wheat quality. Puntari, as it is a late variety, is also suited for feed production.
A total of nine barley varieties were approved for the list. This year, only one was six-row barley, the domestic Eerik. The majority of the two-row barleys are of malting quality. Of these, Conchita, JB Maltasia and Streif come from Germany and Amber from Sweden. Finnish malting type varieties are Harbinger and Rambler. Other two-row new barley varieties are the German Eliseta and the Danish Fairytail.
The new oat varieties all come from Finnish breeders this year. New oat varieties are Akseli, Sofiina and Steinar. Akseli and Sofiina are early varieties, Steinar is mid-late. All of the oats have white husks.
A new spring turnip rape variety on the list is the domestic Cordelia. Two spring rape seed varieties were approved, Campino and the hybrid variety Trapper. The spring rape seed varieties are both German.
New fodder crop varieties are the Swedish red clover SW Torun and the timothy Tryggve.
The Plant Variety Board also decides whether a variety should be listed as a malting barley in the National List of Plant Varieties. The opinion on the matter is issued by the Barley Committee (Oy Panimolaboratorio-Bryggerilaboratorium Ab). This year the Committee proposed marking the barley NFC Tipple of English origin as a malting barley, which was approved by the Board.
The decisions made by the Board will in the future be published as an Evira Journal “Plant Variety Board Official Journal”. Depending on the number of matters to be processed, it is issued a couple of times a year on Evira’s Internet pages.
For additional information, please contact:
Senior Officer Tapio Lahti, Evira, tel. +358 400 640 881