Prohibition of use of the product EUPAREN M in some municipalities


<div>On 23.4.2007 the Food Safety Authority Evira amended the conditions for the approval of the product EUPAREN M and prohibited its use in municipalities which border on waterways from which water is taken and purified for drinking using ozone. </div>

Prohibition of use of the product is valid until 31.12.2007 and applies to the following municipalities and specific waterways:
Päijänne: Asikkala, Hollola, Jyväskylä, Jyväskylän mlk, Jämsä, Jämsänkoski, Korpilahti, Kuhmoinen, Laukaa, Leivonmäki, Luhanka, Muurame, Padasjoki, Sysmä, Toivakka;
Oulujoki: Kajaani, Kempele, Muhos, Oulu, Paltamo, Puolanka, Tyrnävä, Utajärvi, Vaala, Ylikiiminki;
Ähtävänjoki: Evijärvi, Pedersöre;
Meikonjärvi: Kirkkonummi, Siuntio;
Raisionjoki: Masku, Naantali, Nousiainen, Raisio, Rusko, Turku, Vahto;
Immalanjärvi: Imatra, Ruokolahti;
Pitkäjärvi: Espoo, Kauniainen, Vantaa;
Dalkarby träsk, Långsjön, Markusbölefjärden: Finström, Jomala

N,N-dimethylsulphamide, which is the degradation product of the active agent in Euparen M, tolylfluanid, has been found both in surface and ground water during the last few months in testing undertaken in several EU member states. In Finland this compound has been discovered in samples taken from Vantaanjoki and the raw water from Ålands Vatten water purification plant. N,N-dimethylsulphamide has not been found in samples of raw water from Helsinki Water and Pietarsaari Water. The degradation product is harmless to health, but when water is ozonized it generates nitrosamines that are carcinogenic. The Phytopharmaceuticals section of the EU Standing Committee approved on 16.3.2007 a draft decision putting in place measures to prevent pollution of drinking water due to tolylfluanid. In the decision it is required that the EU member states that use ozonizing for treating drinking water should vary the use of products that contain tolylfluanid or that they should withdraw the approval of the products.

The product Euparen M has been used in Finland since 1993 for the control of plant diseases on many fruit, berry and ornamental plants. Currently the product is approved for the control of fruit scab, potato late blight, grey mould, powdery mildew, leaf spot diseases on strawberries, grey mould and root rot on raspberries, grey mould, leaf mould and powdery mildew on Arctic brambles, powdery mildew, leaf spot diseases on currants and gooseberries and grey mould, powdery mildew, rusts and leaf spot diseases on ornamental plants. In the last few years Euparen has been used in Finland on about 3 500 hectares of land. On average about 6 400 kg of the product is sold annually.

For most applications where Euparen is used there are one or several substituting products. There will be problems mainly in orchards with the control of scab. Several sprayings against scab will be necessary and different products will have to be used in order to avoid the occurrence of scab strains that are resistant to different control agents. Evira is examining the possibility of obtaining substituting products for the control of scab.

In Finland ground water that is used as drinking water is not usually ozonized, so compounds that may have ended up in the ground water can not form nitrosamines. In addition, the residual amount of tolylfluanid and its degradation products in the surface waters are likely to be small. Many water purification plants use sand filters before ozonizing and activated carbon filters after ozonizing. These remove most of the detrimental organic elements from the water. In Finland there are about 70 water purification plants that use surface water as their source of raw water. Eight of these ozonize the water.

For more information, please contact:
Senior Officer Reijo Vanhanen, Department of Agricultural Production Control, tel. +358 20 77 25182,

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