Resistance to antibiotics and the use of antibiotics on animals monitored under the FINRES-Vet programme
The consumption of veterinary antimicrobial agents decreased up to 2003, but increased between 2004 and 2008. However, the trend turned in 2009. Penicillin G was the antimicrobial mostly used, followed by the combination of sulpha-trimethoprim.
With respect to bacteria isolated from animals and food products of animal origin, the overall resistance situation has remained favourable during this reporting period. Reasons for this are our favourable disease situation and a prudent use of antimicrobials. Increased use of antimicrobials is in direct ratio to the occurrence of resistant bacteria strains. For this reason, it is now even more important to observe the Finnish recommendations for using antimicrobial agents when treating animals.
In zoonotic bacteria (Salmonella and Campylobacter), resistance was detected only rarely. Multiresistance was, as in previous years, common in E. coli isolated from pigs with enteritis. To an increasing extent, multiresistance was also detected in Staphylococcus pseudintermedius strains isolated from dogs with infections. The report includes a new section on the occurrence of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in companion animals and pigs.
The FINRES-Vet programme is coordinated by the Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira in collaboration with the Finnish Medicines Agency FIMEA.
This year, the theme of the World Health Organization (WHO) health day is
For more information, please contact:
Senior Researcher Lasse Nuotio, Evira, Microbiology Research Unit, resistance studies, lasse.nuotio evira.fi, tel. +358 (0)40 489 3443
Veterinary Officer Katariina Kivilahti-Mäntylä, FIMEA, consumption of veterinary antimicrobials, katariina.kivilahti-mantyla fimea.fi, tel. +358 (0)9 47334285
Professor Tuula Honkanen-Buzalski, FINRES-Vet programme, Evira, Head of Research Department,
tuula.honkanen-buzalski evira.fi, tel. +358 (0)50 382 7996