Shelter poultry during spring months
The protective regulations do not concern free-flying pigeons, zoos and permanent animal exhibitions. The local municipal veterinarian must be informed if poultry is kept outdoors.
Highly pathogenic influenza virus strains that cause a disease with severe symptoms may still be present in birds. In 2012, avian influenza cases in poultry have been reported for instance in Asia, Mexico and South Africa. Low pathogenic virus strains such as H5 or H7 type viruses have been found in many European countries, not only in wild birds but in poultry, too. A low pathogenic virus can sometimes mutate into a more highly pathogenic form.
Highly pathogenic avian influenza has never been found in Finland. However, several cases of low pathogenic avian influenza viruses in wild birds have been found annually in surveys. A low pathogenic virus was also isolated once in a duck kept on a farm.
The protective measures for poultry aim at protecting the poultry from avian influenza, but the same protective measures also protect the birds from other contagious diseases such as Newcastle disease. The latest occurrence of Newcastle disease in Finland was in May 2012 in racing pigeons. Therefore, protection of poultry and pet birds from diseases must be ensured at other times of the year, too.
Report symptoms immediately
Poultry owners and hobby chicken farmers must report any cases of illness symptoms indicative of avian influenza, exceptional mortality, or changes in production to the municipal or provincial veterinary officer. Lower consumption of water or feed, or declining production of eggs may be signs of an avian influenza infection on the farm. Once notified, the official veterinarian assesses the situation and if there is no other apparent reason for the changes on the farm, sends samples taken from the birds for analysis at Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira.
For further information, please contact
Tiia Tuupanen, Senior Officer, Evira, Animal Health and Welfare Unit,
tel. +358 40 489 3348, tiia.tuupanen evira.fi
Katri Levonen, Senior Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry,
tel. +358 40 723 3887, katri.levonen mmm.fi