Tikes final information on the grain harvest and Evira’s quality analysis: Protein content of the grain harvest is low
A third of the wheat and half of the rye are of bread grain quality
The wheat harvest of autumn 2009 exceeded 880 million kg. 16 million kg of the winter wheat (25 per cent of the winter wheat) and 250 million kg of the spring wheat (31 per cent of the spring wheat) fulfilled the quality requirements set for bread wheat. The low protein content of the wheat weakened milling quality this year: only 31 per cent of the spring wheat had a protein content of 12.5 per cent or more. Average falling numbers and hectolitre weights were high last year, and thus do not significantly reduce the use of wheat for milling.
The domestic rye harvest amounted to 42 million kg, 19 million kg less than in 2008. However, the average quality of the 2009 harvest was better and over half of it fulfilled the quality requirements commonly set for rye. There were great quality differences in the rye harvest; although the average falling number was good (about 150), 45 per cent of the samples fell short of 120. Over 90 per cent of the rye samples had a hectolitre weight of no less than 71 kg.
86 per cent of the malting barley fulfils quality requirements in terms of grain size and protein content
A record amount of the malting barley varieties – 532 million kg or 86 per cent – fulfilled the quality requirements set for protein content and grain size. If, in addition to the upper limit for the protein content of malting barley (11.5 per cent), the lower limit is set at 9 per cent, 80 per cent of the malting barley harvest fulfilled the quality requirements for malting. The quality requirements used in the statistics do not account for germination or the amount of mouldy grain, which affect the final amount of grain used for malting.
Hectolitre weight of feed grains is high, but their protein content is low
The feed barley crop broke previous records, amounting to more than 1.5 billion kg. 81 per cent of the harvest had a hectolitre weight of over 64 kg. The average hectolitre weight was higher than in the previous two years. In addition to the hectolitre weight, the basic quality of feed barley is affected by its moisture and the content of both foreign matter and other grain varieties. The average protein content of the barley was 11.0 per cent.
The oat crop was 1.1 billion kg, of which 89 per cent had a hectolitre weight of more than 52 kg. 27 per cent exceeded the 58-kg hectolitre weight required for milling quality oats. As in the case of feed barley, the protein content of the oats was lower than the average for the 2000s. That said, protein content does not reduce the quality of feed grain as it does in the case of bread grain. The grain sizes of both types of feed grain were higher than in the previous year – in other words, there were fewer immature grains.
Background of the harvest and quality data
This press release combines Tike's harvest information and data from Evira's quality analysis of the grain harvest in 2009. Tike obtained the harvest information through a sample survey of about 5,800 farms. Evira requested grain samples for determining the grain quality information from 1,700 of these farms. Almost 5,600 farms replied to the Tike Crop Production Statistics and Evira received grain samples from about 600 farms. In the statistics, the crop areas refer to harvested areas: the completely failed sown areas that farmers have reported to the authorities, as well as the area harvested for fresh feed, have been deducted from the sown area.
Link to the table Grain Quality 2009
Evira.fi > Kasvintuotanto ja rehut > Vilja > Viljasadon laatu > Grain Quality 2009
For additional information, please contact:
Harvest information on the cereal crop
Researcher Anneli Partala, tel. +358 20 77 21 376
Researcher Mirva Kokkinen, tel. +358 20 77 21 371
Head of Unit Esa Katajamäki, tel. +358 20 77 21 237
Tike, Statistical Services
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Grain quality information
Head of Unit Mirja Kartio, tel. +358 20 77 25090
Senior Researcher Elina Sieviläinen, tel. +358 20 77 25092
Researcher Anne Mäittälä, puh. +358 20 77 25095
Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Plant Analysis Laboratory
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