Tikes final information on the grain harvest and Evira’s quality analysis: Quality of bread grain weak, feed grain good


<div>A fifth of the wheat crop and less than a third of the rye crop met quality requirements on bread grain. The percentage of malt-grade barley was greater than in previous years. The otherwise good utility grade of malt barley and feed grain was diminished by the occurrence of moulded and sprouting grains, which were more abundant than last year. The present data are based on information gathered by Tike and Evira on grain harvest and quality for 2008.</div>

Although wheat harvest amounted to 788 million kilograms, i.e., almost as much as last year, only 155 million kilograms met the general requirements on bread grain quality. A total of 122 million kilograms of the wheat harvest were spring wheat while 33 million kilograms were winter wheat. The proportion of bread quality grain from the spring wheat harvest decreased to 17 percent because of low hectolitre weight and protein content. Regional differences were significant. In practise, a grain batch of weaker quality can be balanced using grain of higher quality, and thus grain not meeting general requirements may qualify as bread grain.

The mean falling number of rye was the lowest of the 2000s, which decreased the proportion of bread grain quality rye to 27 percent. Only 16 million kilograms of the rye harvest totalling 61 million kilograms had a falling number exceeding 120.

Malting barley had low protein content and large grain size
The harvest of malting barley totalled almost 640 million kilograms, i.e. it was of record volume. By protein content and large kernel size, as much as 505 million kilograms, i.e., 79 % carried malting quality. However, moulded and sprouting grains diminished the amount of the malting quality harvest.

Hectolitre weight of oat was high
Close to a billion kilograms, i.e., 66 percent of the feed barley harvest exceeded 64 kilograms by hectolitre weight. This percentage is lower than last year and varies from 88 percent in Varsinais-Suomi to 33 percent in Keski-Suomi.

Of the oat harvest of 1, 2 billion kilograms about 93 percent exceeded the requirement generally used in the feed industry amounting to 52 kilograms per hectolitre and 40 percent the requirement of 58 kilograms per hectolitre set for milling oat. The high hectolitre weight of oat increased the proportion of the harvest meeting quality requirements on milling oat to almost 500 million kilograms. For feed harvest, regional variations were significant.

Background of crop and quality data
This press release combines data taken from Tike’s harvest information and quality analysis of the grain harvest by Evira. Tike collected crop data from a sample study of about 5 800 farms, of which Evira asked 1300 farms to provide grain samples to analysis of quality. About 5 600 farms responded to Tike crop production statistics, and Evira received grain samples from about 800 farms. Farming areas in the statistics are corrected areas, i.e., from sowing areas have been decreased totally destroyed sowing areas reported by farmers to the farmland authorities, and fresh-grain corrected areas.


Grain crop quality in 2008
www.evira.fi > Kasvintuotanto ja rehut > Vilja > Viljasadon laatu > Viljasadon laatu 2008 > Viljasadon laatu 2008 (pdf)

Grain crop quality in 2005-2008
www.evira.fi > Kasvintuotanto ja rehut > Vilja > Viljasadon laatu > Viljasadon laatu 2008 > Viljasadon laatu 2005-2008 (pdf)

Additional information
Harvest information on the cereal crop
Researcher Anneli Partala, tel. 020 77 21376
Researcher Mirva Kokkinen, tel. 020 77 21371
Tike, statistics services
E-mail addresses are of the form firstname.lastname@mmmtike.fi

Quality data on grain
Unit director Mirja Kartio, tel. 020 77 25090
Special researcher Elina Sieviläinen, tel. 020 77 25092
Food Safety Authority Evira, Plant Analytics Unit
E-mail addresses are of the form firstname.lastname@evira.fi

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