Tike’s forecast for the grain yield and Evira’s monitoring of grain quality: Grain quantity and quality are good despite the dry summer
Quantity and quality information about the grain have been combined
Tike's harvest enquiry was sent to nearly 6 000 farmers in October, of which 1 700 are also part of Evira’s quality sampling. Last year the data was combined for the first time, which means that we can now estimate the quantity information for the domestic grain harvest based on different quality criteria for the second time.
The wheat yield is 680 million kilograms; bread grain quality 41%
The yield of spring wheat was 620 million kilograms and the yield of winter wheat was 62 million kg. The yield per hectare for winter wheat was clearly below average. The yield per hectare for spring wheat was on the other hand higher than the 10 year average, even though it was lower than last year.
Due to the low protein content, only 43 per cent of the spring wheat yield is of milling quality (protein ≥12.5%, hectolitre weight ≥78.0 kg, falling number ≥180). The falling number or hectolitre weight was below the requirements in only a small part of the harvest. 93 per cent of the spring wheat crop is of intervention quality. In addition to the protein, also the falling number was below the intervention limit, which is 220, in part of the crop.
26 per cent of the winter wheat crop is of milling quality. The stumbling block for the winter wheat is also the low protein content. 68 per cent of the winter wheat is of intervention quality. The share is lower than for spring wheat due to the low Zeleny number. The value of 30 has been used as the limit. Lots that have a lower value should have a dough test performed for intervention purposes.
Virtually the whole rye crop is of bread grain quality
The rye crop (51 million kilograms) is nearly 20 million kilograms greater than last year. The hectare yield of rye is average. Nearly the whole crop or 50 million kilograms is of bread grain quality, when the limits are 71 kilograms for the hectolitre weight and 120 for the falling number.
Malting barley harvest is about 470 million kilograms
The cultivated area of malting barley and the yield per hectare were lower than last year. The total yield of malting barley was about a quarter lower than in 2005. Only 175 million kilograms of the malting barley was suitable for malting. The problem is the high protein content. The average protein content is 12.0%.
Feed barley 1.5 billion kilograms and oats 1 billion kilograms
The feed barley crop was 1.5 billion kilograms, which is similar to last year. Both the cultivated area and the hectare yield were about the same as last year. The cultivated area for oats has increased somewhat from 2005, but due to the lower hectare yield the crop was about 45 million kilograms lower than last year. The quality of the barley crop is good. No less than 90 per cent of the harvest or about 1.35 billion kilograms has a hectolitre weight above 64 kilograms. 93 per cent of the oat crop has a hectolitre weight above 52 kilograms and 32 per cent above 58 kilograms.
This press release contains, in addition to Tike’s forecast yield statistics, Tike’s and Evira’s combined forecast about the quality of the grain harvest. In the forecast about the quality of the grain harvest, the forecast about Tike’s yield statistics has been combined with the grain quality information from Evira’s grain laboratory. For sampling purposes, Tike has requested yield information from about 6 000 farmers. In Tike’s sampling were also those 1 700 farmers whose grain samples Evira’s cereal inspection unit has used for their analysis of the grain quality.
For the purpose of the forecast, Tike has received harvest information from about 5 300 farmers and Evira has received quality information from about 800 farmers. The areas per crop for the farmers that have given information about yield and quality have been used for the Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS). The final yield statistics and the quality statistics for the grain crop will be published on 14.12.2006, when the statistics will be available also at regional level.
More information is available on Evira’s Internet site:
For more information, cereal crop yield
Researcher Anneli Partala, tel. +358 20 77 21 376
Researcher Mirva Kokkinen, tel. +358 20 77 21 371
Tike, Statistical Group
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For more information, grain quality
Director Mirja Kartio, tel. +358 20 77 25090
Chief Inspector Juha Kärkkäinen, tel. +358 20 77 25098
Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Cereal Inspection Unit
The format of the e-mail addresses is: firstname.lastname@example.org