Tike’s grain harvest information and Evira’s follow-up of grain quality: 3.8 billion kilogram cereal crop of excellent quality


<div>The autumn 2006 cereal crop of about 3.8 billion kilograms was of excellent quality. Only the low protein content of the wheat limits its use as bread grain. The grain quantity information is taken from Tike’s final yield statistics and the quality information from Evira’s analysis of the quality of the cereal crop.</div>

42 per cent of the wheat crop is of bread grain quality
The spring wheat crop was 621 million kilograms and the winter wheat crop 62 million kilograms. The wheat crop was almost 120 million kilograms less than that of 2005. The decrease was mainly due to the reduction in the amount of spring wheat cultivated, but the total harvest was also lower due to the low hectare yield for winter wheat (3 100 kg/ha).

Spring wheat of milling quality was 268 million kilograms, or 43 per cent of the whole crop. Most spring wheat of milling quality was produced in Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi) (92 million kg) and Uusimaa (36 million kg). The quantities correspond to 44 and 23 per cent of the spring wheat crop in the areas. In Pirkanmaa and South Ostrobothnia the share of spring wheat of milling quality was 86 per cent. Spring wheat of intervention quality was 93 per cent of the crop or 575 million kilograms.

Winter wheat of milling quality was 16 million kilograms or a quarter of the total crop. Most of the winter wheat of milling quality was produced in Häme (5 million kg), Pirkanmaa and Finland Proper (4 million kg in both areas). In Pirkanmaa the whole crop fulfilled the milling requirements; in Häme it was 56 per cent, but only 14 per cent of the crop in Finland Proper. Winter wheat of intervention quality was 59 per cent of the harvest in the whole country. 

98 per cent of the rye is of bread grain quality
The rye harvest was 51 million kilograms or nearly 20 million kilograms more than last year. The total rye crop was higher due to an increase in the area cultivated compared to last year, as the yield per hectare of rye (2 330 kg/ha) was average. Nearly the whole crop or 50 million kilograms is of bread grain quality, when the minimum requirement is a hectolitre weight of 71 kilograms and a falling number of 120. Most of the rye of bread grain quality was produced in Finland Proper (11 million kg) and Uusimaa (9 million kg).

Nearly one third of the malting barley is suitable for malting
The cultivated area and the yield per hectare for malting barley (3 570 kg/ha) were clearly lower than the year before. The total crop of malting barley was therefore one fifth lower than in 2005. Of the total crop 31 per cent or 148 million kilograms filled the quality requirements for malting barley. In Häme only 11 per cent and in South-East Finland 26 per cent of the malting barley filled the requirements. In Uusimaa, Finland Proper and Satakunta the shares fluctuated between 44 - 46 per cent. The regional fluctuations were caused by the protein content.

Feed barley 1.5 billion kilograms and oats one billion kilograms
The feed barley crop, 1.5 billion kilograms, was three times greater than the malting barley crop. Both the cultivated area and the yield per hectare (3 480 kg/ha) were nearly the same as last year. The oats crop exceeded 1 billion kilograms. Oats was harvested from a somewhat greater area than the previous year, but due to the lower hectare yield (2 920 kg/ha) the crop was 45 million kilograms less than that of the previous year.

90 per cent of the feed barley crop exceeded the hectolitre weight of 64 kilograms. Most of the barley was produced in the area of South Ostrobothnia and Ostrobothnia TE-centres. Of the barley in Finland Proper the hectolitre weight of practically the whole crop exceeded 64 kilograms. In South East Finland and Central Finland the share was 85 and 72 per cent respectively.

The hectolitre weight in 93 per cent of the oats crop was more than 52 kilograms. The largest crop of oats was 149 million kilograms in South Ostrobothnia. The hectolitre weight limit for milling quality oats (58 kg) was exceeded in 32 per cent of the harvest. In Ostrobothnia and Finland Proper 53 per cent of the oats crop exceeded the hectolitre weight required for milling quality oats. In South Ostrobothnia the share was 16 per cent and in North Savo five per cent.

In this press release Tike’s yield statistics have been combined with the grain quality information from Evira’s grain laboratory. Tike requested harvest information from about 5 800 growers for sampling purposes. In Tike’s sampling were also those 1 700 growers from which Evira’s grain control unit had requested grain samples for defining the grain quality. Nearly 5 700 growers replied for Tike’s yield statistics, and Evira received grain samples from more than 900 growers for the grain analyses. In the statistics the areas are corrected, that is to say from the areas have been deducted the areas with total crop failure which the farmers have reported to the agricultural industry authorities.


For more information:
Cereal crop yield statistics
Researcher Anneli Partala, tel. 020 77 21 376
Researcher Mirva Kokkinen, tel. 020 77 21 371
Tike, Statistical Group
The format of the e-mail addresses is: firstname.surname@mmtike.fi

Grain quality information
Director Mirja Kartio, tel. 020 77 25090
Chief Inspector Juha Kärkkäinen, tel. 020 77 25098
Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Cereal Inspection Unit
The format of the e-mail addresses is: firstname.surname@evira.fi

More information is available on Evira’s Internet site:
Grain quality 2006


Pricing and ordering information
The price of the regional (TE-centre) statistics is 20,13 euro (incl. VAT), and they can be ordered by telephone on the number 020 77 21 208 or 020 77 2005 or by e-mail: tietopalvelu@mmmtike.fi. They can also be obtained from the Matilda information service (Tike) for a fee: www.matilda.fi

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